Frank Gibson

Frank Gibson, Ph.D.

ASO PROF

Department: DN-ORAL BIOLOGY
Business Phone: (352) 273-8856
Business Email: fgibson@dental.ufl.edu

Research Profile

Research in my lab is focused in areas of host-pathogen interaction geared toward developing a better understanding of the host mechanisms and bacterial structures important in infection-elicited inflammation. To accomplish this we use a variety of approaches including molecular, cellular, immunological, and animal modeling to develop a synthetic understanding of relevant systems. Work has centered on identification of host cell receptors engaged by key bacterial structures/adhesins, and the subsequent signaling pathways activated which lead to immune activation, with the goal to harness those factors in a manner that can lead to re-establishment of normal tissue homeostasis. Current investigative lines utilize the bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis as a model oral organism to study key facets of anaerobic bacterial infection and contribution of bacterial structures such as capsular polysaccharides in the development of inflammation and oral bone loss. A particular area of interest is identification of molecular targets and pathways that could serve as novel points for therapeutic intervention to augment available treatments aimed to limit periodontal tissue destruction.

In addition to the work focusing on the pathogenesis of oral disease, our group engaged in collaborative studies that have been seminal in identifying associations of oral bacterial infection with cardiovascular disease. Work in this area provides experimental evidence that P. gingivalis is a potential risk factor for atherosclerosis, and that this infection-elicited acceleration can be prevented through immunization. The underlying mechanisms of this association are not well defined. More recently we have become interested in nuclear hormone receptors including liver x receptors and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in the development of bacteria-elicited inflammation, and contribution of inflammatory cues at sites of infection in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Furthermore, collaborative studies have begun to explore P. gingivalis interactions with adipocytes, as well as integrative studies to investigate aspects of P. gingivalis / HIV co-infection.

Areas of Interest
  • Bacterial pathogenesis
  • Host-pathogen interaction
  • Infection and systemic disease
  • Inflammation

Grants

Apr 2019 ACTIVE
Effect of SutroVax cocktail to prevent Porphyromonas gingivalis-elicited oral bone loss-efficacy #2
SUTROVAX INC · Principal Investigator
Apr 2018 – Dec 2018
Molecular analysis of Porphyromonas
SUTROVAX INC · Principal Investigator
Aug 2016 – Jun 2019
PPARs and periodontal disease
NATL INST OF HLTH NIDCR · Principal Investigator
Sep 2015 ACTIVE
Regulatory Mechanisms Controlling Expression of P. gingivalis Surface Structures
NATL INST OF HLTH NIDCR · Project Manager

Education

Ph.D. – Microbiology
1994 · University of New Hampshire
B.S. – Biology
1989 · University of New Hampshire

Contact Details

Phones:
Business:
(352) 273-8856
Emails: